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and Mediation Center
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. v. Andre Marcelo-Tanner
Case No. D2005-0651
1. The Parties
The Complainant is Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Austin, Texas, United States of America, represented by Pattishall, McAuliffe, Newbury, Hilliard & Geraldson, United States of America.
The Respondent is Andre Marcelo-Tanner, Philippines.
2. The Domain Name and Registrar
The disputed domain name <amdcpu.com> is registered with eNom.
3. Procedural History
The Complaint was filed with the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center (the “Center”) on June 22, 2005. On June 22, 2005, the Center transmitted by email to eNom a request for registrar verification in connection with the domain name at issue. On June 23, 2005, eNom transmitted by email to the Center its verification response confirming that the Respondent is listed as the registrant and providing the contact details for the administrative, billing, and technical contact. The Center verified that the Complaint satisfied the formal requirements of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Policy”), the Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Rules”), and the WIPO Supplemental Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Supplemental Rules”).
In accordance with the Rules, paragraphs 2(a) and 4(a), the Center formally notified the Respondent of the Complaint, and the proceedings commenced on July 15, 2005. In accordance with the Rules, paragraph 5(a), the due date for Response was August 4, 2005.
However, after reception of e-mails from the Respondent offering to transfer the disputed domain name, the Complainant requested the suspension of the administrative proceeding on August 5, 2005, the Center formally notified the suspension of administrative proceeding on August 8, 2005. The Complainant requested an extension to the suspension of the administrative proceeding on August 29, 2005, the Center formally notified the extension to suspension of administrative proceeding on August 31, 2005.
For reasons that the Panel is unaware, the transfer of the disputed domain name did not occur. Therefore, the Complainant requested for the re-institution of the proceeding on October 3, 2005
The Respondent did not submit any response. Accordingly, the Center notified the Respondent’s default on October 5, 2005.
The Center appointed Stйphane Lemarchand as the sole
panelist in this matter on October 14, 2005. The Panel finds that it was properly
constituted. The Panel has submitted the Statement of Acceptance and Declaration
of Impartiality and Independence, as required by the Center to ensure compliance
with the Rules, paragraph 7.
4. Factual Background
The Complainant is an international well-known company in the field of computer hardware and software, semiconductor devices and microprocessor chips.
The Complainant is the owner of various US trademark registrations for the AMD sign designating notably semiconductor devices, integrated services, computer hardware and software.
The Complainant has also used the AMD trademarks on a worldwide basis and has registered the AMD trademarks in several foreign jurisdictions.
The Respondent registered the domain name <amdcpu.com>
on August 17, 2004.
5. Parties’ Contentions
The domain name is confusingly similar to trademarks under which Complainant sells its products and services throughout the world since it incorporates the entirety of the AMD trademarks.
The domain name leads to a search portal displaying commercial links to the Complainant as well as to the Complainant’s competitors.
Respondent is not commonly known by the disputed domain name and Complainant has not licensed or otherwise permitted the Respondent to use the trademark AMD.
The use of the Complainant’s trademarks to bring Internet users to a website that contains links to both Complainant’s products and products of the Complainant’s competitors does not constitute a bona fide offering of goods or services.
The Complainant presumes that the Respondent receives “kick-backs” or other payments from website owners and/or vendors who gain visitors through the Respondent’s website located at the disputed domain name.
Respondent used the Complainant’s trademark to create a likelihood of confusion in the public mind.
The Complainant is well-known throughout the world, therefore the Respondent necessarily has knowledge of the Complainant’s prior rights.
Because the Respondent had knowledge of the Complainant’s rights, he could not have registered the domain name with the intention of using it legitimately but with the intention to divert internet users to its website for commercial gain.
Furthermore, the disputed domain name is offered for sale to the public, this is another indication of the Respondent’s bad faith.
Finally, the Respondent has also provided the registrar with incomplete and false information.
The Respondent did not reply to the Complainant’s
6. Discussion and Findings
Paragraph 15(a) of the Rules instructs the Panel as to the principles the Panel is to use in determining the dispute:
“A Panel shall decide a complaint on the basis of the statements and documents submitted in accordance with the Policy, these Rules and any rules and principles of law that it seems applicable”.
Paragraph 4(a) of the Policy states that, for a complaint to be granted, the Complainant must prove each of the following:
(i) that the domain name registered by the Respondent is identical or confusingly similar to the trademarks or service marks in which the Complainant has rights; and,
(ii) that the Respondent has no rights or no legitimate interests in respect of the domain name; and,
(iii) that the domain name has been registered and is used in bad faith.
A. Identical or Confusingly Similar
The disputed domain name <amdcpu.com> is made up of the Complainant’s trademark with the addition of the generic initials in computing industry “cpu” which means “central processing unit”.
Previous panels have considered that the addition
of generic words to trademarks is not sufficient to escape the finding of similarity
and does not change the overall impression of the designations as being connected
to the Complainant (see Telstra Corporation Ltd. v. Peter Lombardo,
Marino Sussich and Ray Landers, WIPO Case
No. D2000-1511; Pepsico Inc v. Pepsi SRL and EMS COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
WIPO Case No. D2003-0696; Pepsico Inc
v. Diabetes Home Care and DHC services, WIPO
Case No. D2001-0174; Sony Kabushiki Kaisha v. Kil Inja, WIPO
Case No. D2000-1409; America Online Inc v. Chris Hoffman,
WIPO Case No. D2001-1184).
In the present case the use of generic and descriptive
initials in conjunction with the Complainant’s trademark does not remove
the domain name in dispute from being confusingly similar, the generic initials
lacking in distinctiveness. (see Lilly ICOS LLC v. Jay Kim, WIPO
Case No. D2004-0891; Amazon.com Inc. v. John Beamer, WIPO
Case No. D2002-1005).
Furthermore, the addition of the initials “cpu” strengthens the risk of confusion insofar as the consumer may think that it constitutes a variation of the trademark AMD owned by the Complainant.
Consequently, the Panel finds that the disputed domain name is confusingly similar to the registered trademark AMD.
B. Rights or Legitimate Interests
The Respondent has not filed any Response to the Complaint and thus has not alleged any facts or elements to justify prior rights or legitimate interests in the said domain name.
The Complainant does not appear to have licensed or otherwise authorized the Respondent to use its trademark or any domain name incorporating the trademark.
In the present case, the Respondent is using the contentious domain name to display commercial links to the Complainant as well as to the Complainant’s competitors.
According to the Policy,
paragraph 4(c)(i), a use is legitimate if, prior to commencement of the dispute,
the Respondent used the domain name or a name corresponding to the domain name
in connection with the bona fide offering of goods or services. The notion
of “bona fide” has notably been specified by the WIPO decision
Oki Data Americas, Inc. v. ASD, Inc., WIPO
Case No. D2001-0903, where it was held that, to be bona fide within
paragraph 4(c)(i), the offering must meet several minimum requirements, being
- the respondent must actually be offering the goods or services at issue;
- the respondent must use the site to sell only the trade marked goods; otherwise, it could be using the trade mark to bait Internet users and then switch them to other goods;
- the site must accurately disclose the registrant’s relationship with the trade mark owner; it may not, for example, falsely suggest that it is the trade mark owner, or that the website is the official site; and
- the respondent must not try to corner the market in all domain names, thus depriving the trademark owner of reflecting its own mark in a domain name.
These criteria have been applied in many cases related to authorized users or not.
In the present case, the Panel finds that the Respondent’s conduct fails some of the above criteria since the Respondent does not use the domain name to resale the Complainant products by the sole reference to the Complainant trademark, indeed at the time of the Complaint, the Respondent’s website proposed links to Complainant’s competitors websites.
Therefore, prior to any notice of this dispute, the Respondent had not used the domain name in connection with any bona fide offering of goods or services within the meaning of Paragraph 4(c)(i) of the Policy.
Furthermore, by not submitting a Response, the Respondent has failed to demonstrate that he has rights or legitimate interests in the disputed domain name.
Thus, the Panel concludes that the Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests, within the meaning of paragraph 4(a)(ii) and (c)(i-iii) of the Policy in respect of the disputed domain name.
C. Registered and Used in Bad Faith
The Policy, Paragraph 4(b), indicates that certain circumstances may, “in particular but without limitation”, be evidence of bad faith.
In the present case, the bad faith of the Respondent may be established by the following elements:
- The Complainant trademark is not only distinctive
but also largely used throughout the world. Thus the Respondent could not ignore
the existence of the Complainant’s trademark at the time of registering
the domain name <amdcpu.com> (see Sony Kabushifi Kaisha also trading
as Sony Corporation v. Sin, Eonmok, WIPO
Case No. D2000-1007).
- The Registrant has not alleged any facts or elements to justify prior rights or legitimate interests in the said domain name.
- The Respondent used the website related to the disputed
domain name to display links to Complainant’s competitors’ websites.
It arises from the documents provided by the Complainant that the Respondent
has not used the domain name in connection with the bona fide offering of goods
or services but has intentionally diverted Internet users to its website by
exploiting the confusing similarity between the disputed domain name and the
Complainant’s trademark (see Philip Morris Incorporated v. Alex Tsypkin,
WIPO Case No. D2002-0946).
The Respondent has intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to its website, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the Complainant’s trademarks as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation or endorsement of the Respondent’s website.
- The Respondent offered the domain name for sell to the public. It is acknowledged that the offer of sale of a domain name which is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark constitutes bad faith.
- The Respondent attempted to hide its identity by
providing false contact information. Previous panels have considered that this
element constitutes also evidence of bad faith. (see Telstra Corporation
Limited v. Nuclear Marshmallows, WIPO
Case No. D2000-0003 and Oakley, Inc. v. Kenneth Watson,
WIPO Case No. D2000-1658).
Thus, the Panel concludes that the disputed domain name was registered and
is being used in bad faith.
For all the foregoing reasons, in accordance with paragraphs 4(i) of the Policy and 15 of the Rules, the Panel orders that the domain name, <amdcpu.com> be transferred to the Complainant.
Dated: November 2, 2005